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人类物质的尊严

可以肯定,人是由尘土和粘土制成的。或者,正如我们今天应该说的那样,他是动物起源的-这是同一件事。教会并没有在意这一点,在创世记的同一段落中为其找到了保证。当然,人也是罪人。教会并没有停止提醒他这个事实。她努力灌输给他的自尊心。这不是对事物的肤浅和独到见解的结果。像基督一样,她知道“what there is in man”. But she also knows that the lowliness of his origin in the flesh cannot detract from the sublimity of his vocation, and that, despite all the blemishes that sin may bring, that vocation is an abiding source of inalienable greatness. The Church thinks that this greatness must reveal itself even in the conditions of present-day life, as a fount of liberty and a principle of progress, the necessary retaliation upon the forces of evil. And she recognizes in the mystery of 神-made-man the guarantee of our vocation and the final consecration of our greatness. Thus in her liturgy she can celebrate each day “人类物质的尊严”甚至还没有考虑到我们的重生。

今天,我们信仰的这些基本真理似乎司空见惯,尽管我们经常忽略它们的含意。我们很难想象它们在古代世界对人的灵魂造成的干扰。在他们最初的消息中,人类充满了一线希望。模糊的预兆激起了人们的注意,在后坐时,它增强了人们对其苦难状况的认识。它意识到了拯救。首先,毋庸置疑,这不是外部的解放,也不是例如随着废除奴隶制而来的社会解放。这种解放以大量的技术和经济条件为前提,是在基督教的人的观念的影响下缓慢但确实地实现的。“God”,Origen在对圣约翰的评论中说,“使每个人都以自己的形象塑造,他一一塑造。” But from the outset that idea had produced a more profound effect. Through it, man was freed, in his own eyes, from the ontological slavery with which Fate burdened him. The stars, in their unalterable courses, did not, after all, implacably control our destinies. Man, every man, no matter who, had a direct link with the Creator, the Ruler of the stars themselves. And lo, the countless Powers—gods, spirits, demons—who pinioned human life in the net of their tyrannical wills, weighing upon the soul with all their terrors, now crumbled into dust, and the sacred principle that had gone astray in them was rediscovered unified, purified and sublimated in 神 the deliverer! It was no longer a small and select company that, thanks to some secret means of escape, could break the charmed circle: it was mankind as a whole that found its night suddenly illumined and took cognizance of its royal liberty. No more circle! No more blind destiny! No more Moira! No more Fate! Transcendent 神, 神 the “friend of men”在耶稣里启示出来的真理,向所有人敞开了,再也没有障碍。因此,在早期基督教著作中到处都可以找到那种强烈的喜悦和光芒四射的感觉。令人遗憾的是,由于许多原因(并非所有原因都是不可替代的),这些文献今天应该离我们如此遥远。我们信仰的财富和力量,由于其无知而丧失。 。 。